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That which conduces an action to accomplishment, that which gives birth to an action is called a “kaarak”  (Doership).  In “Doerships” (kaarakas), the “Doer”  (kartaa), the nominative is important; because all actions depend on the doer (kartaa).  Acts of doing (kaarakas) are only aids (supporters) in the accomplishment of actions, but the “Doer” is independent.  In the “Doer” the consciousness is reflected (perceived), but in fact, that  consciousness is not the “Doer”.  Therefore wherever in the GitaBhagwaan (Lord) has mentioned the five factors –  the original base of action (body), Kartaah (Doer, Agent), senses (Instrument,  karan), chesthaa (effort) and daiva (impressions)  which are contributors to the accomplishment of all actions.  Here He has condemned those who believe the pure Self (soul, atmaa) to be the “doer” –

“Tatraivam sati kartaaramaatmaanam kewalam tu yeh  | 

pashyatyakrtbudhitvaanam sa pashyati durmatih || 

(Gita 18:16)

“Similarly, on the subject of action, though having these five factors, he who looks upon the pure Self (atmaa,  soul) as the doer, that man of perverse understanding does not see right; because his intellect is not pure.  Because he has not attached importance to “vivek” discrimination.”

In the Gita,  Bhagwaan (God) has mentioned Nature (prakriti) or the modes of nature – qualities and attributes (gunas) or the senses as the doer.  The modes (gunas) are the evolutes of Nature (prakriti) and the senses are the evolutes of modes.  Therefore in fact, doership is there in nature alone.  In the sentient Self there is no doership.  Bhagwaan declares –

“prakriteh kriyamaanaani gunaivah karmaani sarvashah  | 

ahamkaarvimoodhaatmaa kartaahamiti manyate  || 

(Gita 3:27)

“All actions are performed, in all cases by the modes of nature (prakriti). He whose mind is deluded by egoism thinks,  “I am the doer.”

“Tattvavittu mahaabaaho gunakarmavibhaagayoh  | 

gunaa guneshu vartante iti matwaa ne sajjate  || 

(Gita 3:28)

“Having true knowledge of the respective spheres of modes (gunas) and actions, the enlightened soul does not get attached to them by realizing that it is an interplay of the modes.”

Naanyam gunebhyah kartaaram yadaa drashthaanupaschati | 

gunebhyasch param vetti madbhaavam sodhigacchati  || 

(Gita 14/19) 

When the discriminative striver beholds no doer other than the modes, and know the self beyond the modes, he attains to My Being.

Indriyaaniindriyaartheshu vartante iti dhaarayan ||  (Gita 5/9) 

“He hold that the sense are acting on the sense-objects.”

Prakrutaiva cha karmaani kriyamaanaani sarvashah | 

Yah paschyati tathaatmaanamkartaaram sa paschyati  || 

(Gita 13/29) 

“He who sees that all actions are performed only by Nature (Prakriti) and that the self is not the doer, he verily sees reality.”
From book – “Ek Nayi Baat” in hindi by Shradhey Swamiji Shri Ramsukhdasji Maharaj
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भगवान् की कृपा का अनुभव कैसे करें ? स्वामी रामसुखदासजी Bhagwan ki Kripa, Swami Ramsukhdasji