नेहाभिक्रमनाशोऽस्ति प्रत्यवायो न विद्यते ।
स्वल्पमप्यस्य धर्मस्य त्रायते महतो भयात् ॥४०॥
nehābhikrama-nāśo ’sti, pratyavāyo na vidyate
sv-alpam apy asya dharmasya, trāyate mahato bhayāt
In this path Samatā (Equanimity or discipline of Karmayoga), there is no loss of effort though one may have just made a beginning, nor is there fear of contrary result. Even a little practice of this discipline, protects one from terrible fear of birth and death. 40
Comment – In this verse, Lord has explained the glory of equanimity (Samatā) in four different ways:
- Following the discipline of equanimity, man is relieved from the bondage of Karma
- There is no loss of effort in pursuing the goal of equanimity.
- While working to attain equanimity, if there is an error, there is no adverse result.
- In life, even if a little feeling (Bhāvā) for the practice of equanimity, it will help the aspirant towards success in the spiritual path. Even if only some equanimity comes in life, there is no loss of it. However mighty the fear may be, it is gone.
But when one gives importance to the existence of the temporary world, even the great equanimity becomes small and the little fear becomes a mighty fear. If we do not give attention to the existence and importance to this unreal world then equanimity becomes great and the greatest fear is vanished.
व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिरेकेह कुरुनन्दन ।
बहुशाखा ह्यनन्ताश्च बुद्धयोऽव्यवसायिनाम् ॥४१॥
vyavasāyātmikā buddhir, ekeha kuru-nandana
bahu-śākhā hy anantāś ca, buddhayo ’vyavasāyinām
O joy of Kurus (Arjuna), in this blessed path (attainment of equanimity), the intellect is determinate and one-pointed; whereas the intellect of the undecided (ignorant man moved by desires) is divided endlessly in many diverse directions. 41
Comment – Equanimity is attained by the one who has only one and single goal. Many goals are due to the presence of desire only.
Gita Prabodhani – Chapter 2 Verses 40-41, By Swami Ramsukhdasji Maharaj