Gita on Supreme State and Duty

यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतः संप्लुतोदके।
तावान्सर्वेषु वेदेषु ब्राह्मणस्य विजानतः॥४६॥

yāvān artha uda-pāne, sarvataḥ samplutodake
tāvān sarveṣu vedeṣu, brāhmaṇasya vijānataḥ

As on obtaining a reservoir of water flooded from all sides, there is no use of a small tank of water. Likewise, an enlightened being who has knowledge of Brāhma, who has experienced the ultimate reality (described in Vedas and other scriptures), has the same use for all the Vedas, or say no use at all.   46

Comment – In this verse, there is a description of that great man, who has attained the ultimate peace. After attaining that permanent peace, there is no longer a need of any action or any objects. He attains to the Supreme state. Such a great soul is called a true ‘Brāhmana’ (enlightened one), meaning that one who has attained the Supreme.

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥४७॥

karmaṇy evādhikāras te, mā phaleṣu kadācana
mā karma-phala-hetur bhūr, mā te saṅgo ’stv akarmaṇi

Your right is only to perform your ordained duty, but never to claim the fruit thereof. Let the fruit of action be not your motive, nor let your attachment be to inaction.   47

Comment – One is the division of actions and the other is the division of fruit (result). In performing of an action, instrument (karnā) is under the control of man but while the fruit or the outcome (honā) of an action is ordained by destiny (Prārabdha) or in other words, it is under God’s control. Whatever man receives as a result of Prārabdha (fate) or through God’s will, it is his duty to not use it for personal gratification but utilize for service of others.

Gita Prabodhani – Chapter 2 Verse 46-47, By Swami Ramsukhdasji Maharaj;